Turpentine Tree

Turpentine Tree, common name for an "evergreen" tree (a tree that retains its foliage throughout the year) native to coastal areas of eastern Australia. The bark of this tree produces turpentine, an oil extract used as a solvent or paint thinner, hence the common name. It is cultivated as a shade tree and to provide lumber for building.

The turpentine tree has a straight

The turpentine tree has a straight, slender trunk. It commonly attains heights of 40 to 45 m (130 to 150 ft) but may grow to 60 m (200 ft) with trunk diameters of about 2.4 m (8 ft). It has two different leaf types, juvenile and adult. Juvenile leaves are up to 2.5 cm (1 in) long with very short stalks and elliptical blades. Adult leaves are up to 7 cm (3 in) long with longer stalks and elliptical or oval blades. The undersides of adult leaves are densely covered with fine hairs, and the margins of the leaves curl downward. The creamy white flowers are arranged in spherical clusters. The fruit is a woody, three-celled capsule that contains numerous small seeds.

The wood of turpentine trees is durable

The wood of turpentine trees is durable and highly resistant to fire and wood-boring insects such as termites and marine borers. The lumber is used for shipbuilding, pilings, building construction, cabinetwork, and telephone poles.

The name turpentine tree is often extended

The name turpentine tree is often extended to evergreens in the pine family, such as the longleaf pine and slash pine, that produce a resinous sap often distilled to yield turpentine. These are large trees, attaining heights up to 30 m (100 ft). In addition to being tapped for turpentine, these trees are an important source of lumber in the southeastern United States.

"`Scientific classification:"` The turpentine

"`Scientific classification:"` The turpentine tree belongs to the myrtle family, Myrtaceae. It is classified as "Syncarpia glomulifera" or "Syncarpia laurifolia." Pine trees belong to the pine family, Pinaceae. The longleaf pine is classified as "Pinus palustis," the slash pine as "Pinus elliottii."

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