Image: Peace of Bretigny

Peace of Bretigny

Peace of Bretigny, treaty signed May 8, 1360, ending the first phase of the Hundred Years` War, which had been waged by France and England since 1338. The treaty was signed in the French village of Bretigny, southeast of Chartres. In September 1356 the English overwhelmed the French at Poitiers and captured John II, king of France. The French were willing to sue for peace, and the English, exhausted by the long war, agreed to negotiations. By the terms of the treaty John was released on agreement to pay 3 million gold ecus (crowns); Edward III, king of England, was recognized as sovereign of Limousin, Gascony, Calais, and other territory in France; and Edward renounced his long-standing claim to the French throne. The treaty was ratified on October 24, 1360 in the city of Calais and is sometimes known as the Peace of Calais. In spite of the treaty and the exhausted condition of both countries, the war was resumed in 1369.

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