Image: Muhammad Naguib

Muhammad Naguib (1901-1984)

Muhammad Naguib (1901-1984), Egyptian revolutionary, who served as the first president and premier of the republic of Egypt. Born in Khartoum, Sudan, and educated at the Royal Military Academy in Cairo, Naguib became a general in the Egyptian army and was hailed as a national hero of Egypt`s 1948-1949 war with Israel. In July 1952 he and a group of fellow officers seized control of the government and forced King Faruk I to abdicate. Although the real leader of the coup was Gamal Abdel Nasser, the popular Naguib at first emerged as commander in chief of the army and spokesman for the military junta; he was made premier in September. Supreme authority was vested in a 13-member revolutionary council, which in June 1953 proclaimed Egypt a republic and Naguib its first president and premier. When he endorsed a return to parliamentary rule, which the council opposed, he was forced out of office. Naguib was put under house arrest and held until freed by Anwar al-Sadat in 1971. He died in Cairo on August 28, 1984.

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