Image: Mitchell Sir Thomas Livingstone

Sir Thomas Livingstone Mitchell (1792-1855)

Sir Thomas Livingstone Mitchell (1792-1855), British explorer of Australia whose explorations opened up large areas of land for settlement. Born in Scotland, Mitchell joined the British army in 1808 and during his service gained a reputation for "draftsmanship" (design work). He sailed to the colony of New South Wales, where in 1827 he was appointed assistant surveyor general. In 1828 he became the surveyor general and was responsible for planning towns, roads, and bridges and also for conducting land surveys. His major survey of eastern Australia was published in 1835.

Mitchell also explored new territories

Mitchell also explored new territories, in 1831, 1835, 1836, and 1845 to 1846. The most important of these expeditions was his 1836 trek through New South Wales, across the Murray River and what is today the state of Victoria, toward Portland on Australia`s southern coast. The large areas Mitchell pioneered were soon opened to the colony and used to absorb its large numbers of immigrants from Europe. Mitchell published two accounts of his journeys, in 1838 and 1848. He also published "The Australian Geography" for use in New South Wales schools.

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