Image: Malan Daniel Francois

Daniel Francois Malan (1874-1959)

Daniel Francois Malan (1874-1959), prime minister of South Africa (1948-1954), and architect of the country`s former racial policies. Born in Riebeek West ( in what is now Western Cape province), of Afrikaner parents, Malan became a minister in the Reformed Churches. After serving as editor of an Afrikaans nationalist newspaper, he turned to politics. Elected to parliament in 1918, he rose to cabinet rank in 1924 and in 1940 assumed leadership of the National Party. Campaigning on a program of white supremacy, Malan won power in 1948 and immediately began to enact the doctrines of apartheid, or racial separation. These laws remained the basis of South African policy until their repeal in 1991 and 1992. After Malan resigned in 1954, his program was carried forward by another National Party member, Johannes G. Strijdom.

Recommended for you

Read more about the full history of the world

Jim Clark

Jim Clark (19361968), Scottish-born automobile racer, who was world champion in 1963 and 1965. Clark spent his entire Formula One career with the L...


Jeremiah Clarke

Jeremiah Clarke (1669?1707), English composer, who wrote `The Prince of Denmark`s March,` a harpsichord piece that was arranged by conductor Sir He...


Clarke Marcus Andrew Hislop

Marcus Andrew Hislop Clarke (18461881), English-born Australian writer, who was a leading journalist and satirical commentator on mid-19th century ...