Image: Essex Junto


  • 1 Essex Junto

  • Essex Junto

    Essex Junto, name applied, originally by the American statesman John Hancock about 1778, to the leaders of the extreme nationalist wing of the Federalist Party in New England, many of whom came from Essex County, Massachusetts. Its chief leaders were the statesman Timothy Pickering, Senator George Cabot, the jurist Theophilus Parsons, and several of the Lowell family of merchants and industrialists. Near the close of the term of President John Adams, in 1800, the group supported Alexander Hamilton against Adams in the struggle for control of the party. Later the Essex Junto opposed the Embargo Act and the War of 1812, and its members were the major force behind the calling of the antiwar Hartford Convention, which politically damaged the Federalists.

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