Image: Doxology


Doxology, hymn or formula of praise to God. Many doxologies are found in the Bible, such as in Romans 16:27, Ephresians 3:21, and Jude 25; they are known as biblical doxologies. The lesser and greater doxologies are two responsive forms that originated in the 4th century and are now used in the liturgies of many Christian churches. The lesser doxology is named "Gloria Patri: "Glory be to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit; as it was in the beginning, is now, and ever shall be, world without end. Amen. The greater doxology, "Gloria in excelsis Deo," is an early church expansion of the song of the angels in Luke 2:14: Glory to God in the highest, and on earth peace among men with whom he is pleased. It is used in the Roman Catholic Mass, except during Advent and Lent and in certain Masses throughout the year, and in many Protestant services. In the liturgy of the Church of England, the lesser doxology occurs at the end of psalms and canticles, and the greater doxology is used in certain seasons in the communion service. A special doxology, the Trinitarian doxology, concludes the canon of the Mass by emphasizing Christ`s mediatorship: Through him, with him, in him, in the unity of the Holy Spirit, all glory and honor is yours, almighty Father, for ever and ever. The greater, lesser, and Trinitarian doxologies are known as liturgical doxologies.

The last stanza of a hymn by the English

The last stanza of a hymn by the English bishop Thomas Ken, beginning Praise God from whom all blessings flow, is commonly called The Doxology in Protestant churches. In Jewish worship, several psalms and the Eighteen Benedictions close with doxologies.

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