Cemal_Gursel

Image: Cemal Gursel



Cemal Grsel (1895-1966)


Cemal Grsel (1895-1966), Turkish general and president of Turkey (1961-1966). Born in Erzurum, Turkey, Grsel fought in World War I (1914-1918) and was taken prisoner in Egypt in 1916. Released at the end of the war, Grsel later fought in the Turkish War of Independence (1919-1922). A popular military figure, he rose through the ranks to become a full general in 1957 and commander of the Turkish ground forces in 1958. In May 1960 Grsel led a coup d`etat that overthrew the government of Prime Minister Adnan Menderes, after which he headed a military regime for 17 months. In 1961 he was elected president of the new civilian government, a post he held until a series of strokes left him in a coma in 1966.

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