Image: Cemal Gursel

Cemal Grsel (1895-1966)

Cemal Grsel (1895-1966), Turkish general and president of Turkey (1961-1966). Born in Erzurum, Turkey, Grsel fought in World War I (1914-1918) and was taken prisoner in Egypt in 1916. Released at the end of the war, Grsel later fought in the Turkish War of Independence (1919-1922). A popular military figure, he rose through the ranks to become a full general in 1957 and commander of the Turkish ground forces in 1958. In May 1960 Grsel led a coup d`etat that overthrew the government of Prime Minister Adnan Menderes, after which he headed a military regime for 17 months. In 1961 he was elected president of the new civilian government, a post he held until a series of strokes left him in a coma in 1966.

Recommended for you

Read more about the full history of the world


Sekukuni (1814-1882), chief of the Pedi people (1861-1879) and the last major African ruler to hold out against European power in the Transvaal, in...


Sharpeville Massacre

Sharpeville Massacre, incident in 1960, when South African police opened fire on a crowd of black protesters. The confrontation occurred in the tow...


Sobhuza II

Sobhuza II (1899-1982), "ngwenyama" (paramount chief or king) of Swaziland (1921-1982). Following the death in 1899 of his father, King Bhunu, Sob...