Bihzad

Image: Bihzad



Bihzad or Behzad (died 1535)

Bihzad or Behzad (died 1535), Persian painter of manuscripts, whose work had a profound influence on later generations of Islamic painters.

Born Ostad Kamal od-din Bihzad in Hert

Born Ostad Kamal od-din Bihzad in Hert (now in Afghanistan), he was taught by his guardian, the painter Mirak Naqqash. Bihzad worked in the royal library of the Timurid rulers, where an academy of scholars, calligraphers, and artists codified, copied, and illustrated classical works. In 1510, under the patronage of the new Safavid dynasty, Bihzad accompanied the court to Tabrz, Persia (now Iran). There, as director of the royal library after 1522, he influenced Persian painting and, through his works and his students, that of India and the Ottoman Empire as well.

Of the many works completed in the style

Of the many works completed in the style of Bihzad, scholars ascribe 32 to him. All were produced at Hert between 1486 and 1495. In these illustrations richly clad courtiers move amid palaces, flowering gardens, and mountain landscapes. Bihzad developed new, subtle color relationships and a highly refined compositional skill. His genius won him the epithet marvel of his age.

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