Image: Baer

Karl Ernst von Baer (1792-1876)

Karl Ernst von Baer (1792-1876), Estonian naturalist and embryologist, one of the founders of the modern science of development and ranked among the most influential scientists of his day. Born in Estonia, von Baer studied medicine at Tartu University and comparative anatomy at the University of Wrzburg, Germany. In 1819 von Baer became a professor at the University of Knigsberg (now Kaliningrad, Russia) where he taught anatomy, anthropology, and zoology. He became director of the Anatomical Institute in 1826. After 1834 he was appointed librarian of the Academy of Saint Petersburg. Of von Baer`s numerous works, the most important are "Epistola de Ovi Mammalium et Hominis Genesi" (Papers on the Origin of the Mammalian Egg and Man, 1827), in which the mammalian egg is described for the first time; "ber Entwicklungsgeschichte der Thiere" (On the Development of Animals, 1828-1837); and "Untersuchungen ber die Entwicklung der Fische" (Research into the Development of Fishes, 1835).

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