Image: Azande


Azande, central African tribes belonging to the Sudanic language group and inhabiting the basins of the Uele and Ubangi rivers in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC, formerly Zaire). Known also as the Nyam-Nyam, the Azande traditionally have followed an economy based on agriculture and supplemented by hunting. Under their traditional way of life, houses would be situated on homesteads scattered in clearings and would be conical in shape, with thatched roofs and walls of mud or wattle and daub. Arts and crafts became well developed, including ivory and wood carving, metalwork, and pottery. The traditional religion of the Azande centered around a supreme being called Mboli, to whom offerings would be made. Divination could play an important part in daily ritual.

Beginning in the 18th century

Beginning in the 18th century, an Azande clan known as the Avongara established personal kingdoms throughout this central African region, and a number of Azande tribes have been ruled by members of this clan. Under this system, descent is generally traced through the male line. A chief rules over a group or tribe, and his brothers and sons hold subordinate posts as provincial administrators, appointing commoners as their deputies.

See also

"See also "African Languages.

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